ABA Ethics Panel Tackles the Weighty Concern of ‘Reply All’ Emails


I’ve stated it earlier than and I’ll say it once more: A lot of authorized ethics is just widespread sense. If a lawyer desires to keep away from moral bother, suppose earlier than you act.

That will appear to be the case with copying your shoppers on emails to your opposing counsel. There are numerous the reason why that may be a dangerous concept, however one specifically is that the opposing counsel can then “reply all” and duplicate your shopper on the response.

Apparently, that is sufficient of an issue that the American Bar Affiliation’s Standing Committee on Ethics and Professional Responsibility selected to problem a proper opinion on it this week.

In ABA Formal Opinion 503 , issued Nov. 2, the committee tackles the weighty problem of “reply all” in digital communications.

The ethics problem at play right here is the prohibition in opposition to a lawyer straight contacting the shopper of the opposing lawyer in a matter.

But when Lawyer A sends an e mail to Lawyer B and copies Lawyer A’s shopper, has Lawyer A impliedly consented to Lawyer B sending again a reply-all response that features the shopper?

In response to the opinion, a number of states’ ethics panels have thought-about this problem and determined that copying the shopper is to not be taken as implied consent to a reply-all response.

However the ABA committee disagrees with these state panels, concluding that copying a shopper on emails and texts is implied consent to a reply-all response.

“We conclude that given the character of the lawyer-initiated group digital communication, a sending lawyer impliedly consents to receiving counsel’s ‘reply all’ response that features the sending lawyer’s shopper, topic to sure exceptions mentioned under. A number of causes assist this conclusion, and we expect that this interpretation will present a brighter and fairer line for legal professionals who ship and obtain group emails or textual content messages.”

The ABA committee analogizes copying one’s shopper on an e mail to inviting the shopper to a videoconference or in-person assembly.

“Just like including the shopper to a videoconference or phone name with one other counsel or inviting the shopper to an in-person assembly with one other counsel, a sending lawyer who consists of the shopper on digital communications to receiving counsel typically impliedly consents to receiving counsel ‘replying all’ to that communication.”

The committee additional causes that putting the burden on the initiator of the e-mail change is the fairest strategy.

However the committee goes on to say that the presumption of implied consent to a reply-all response shouldn’t be absolute.

If, for instance, the sending lawyer expressly states that the lawyer shouldn’t be consenting to a reply-all response, that may override the presumption of implied consent.

Additionally, the presumption applies solely to e mail communications that the lawyer initiates. It doesn’t apply to paper communications, for instance.

“Implied consent depends on the circumstances, together with the group nature and different norms of the digital communications at problem.”

So what ought to a lawyer do when the lawyer desires to repeat the shopper on an e mail?

Bear in mind what I stated above about widespread sense?

“Ahead the e-mail or textual content to the shopper individually,” the ABA advises.



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